How talented women, worthy places in history, remained in the shadow of their men
There is a myth that artists do not get along with artists and therefore marry only mere mortals. But there are many couples in which more or less equally known as artists are both husband and wife, such as the Delone spouses, or in which the artist and artist coexisted happily, like the Serebryakovs or Mavrina and Kuzmin. However, it also happens that a woman succeeds in becoming famous as an artist only after escaping from the shadow of her man … Or that her talent is discovered much later, while studying the biography of a man.
Camilla Claudel and Auguste Rodin: The Stolen Kiss
Claudel is usually remembered as the model, muse and beloved of Rodin, although it is not clear whether the word “love” can be applied to Rodin in general. He held two women. One of them, Rosa Böre, was engaged in housekeeping, washing and feeding him and giving birth to a son from him, whom he did not call anything else but a “bastard” – all his life, in the face that it was his child who was guilty of the fact that Rodin was not married his mother, getting from her all that you can get from his wife. Another woman, Camilla Claudel, cleaned the workshop, posed for hours, and made difficult parts for hands and legs for Rodin’s sculptures.
Camille introduced her teacher to Rodin, saying that this girl was an undoubted talent. Much later, when she will be exposed with her works in the salon, the writer Octave Mirabeau will respond about her: “Revolt against nature: woman is a genius!” That was what Rodin needed. He was just trying to convince the world of his genius, and he lacked quite a bit … Another muse in addition to Rose Ber.
The ideas of what a muse Rodin had were the most pragmatic. A muse should work on him with his hands during the day and spread his legs under him at night. And the Muse should come up with ideas for him – this is called “inspire”. The famous Roden’s “Kiss”, for example, was coined by Claudel. It is unclear whether she heard even one “thank you” from the sculptor.
Being older and much more experienced, Rodin first seduced Claudel, and then tormented him as he wanted. The fact of having a woman for home life and the “bastard” he stopped hiding right away, as he realized that the young Camilla was caught in the net. Any of his work had to be put off when you need to work hard for the glory of Rodin. He also forced her to have an abortion, and at the then level of medicine, this led to Camilla becoming infertile in general. Rodin frankly suited it.
In the end, Camilla went mad and smashed all the sculptures that were then at her house. So humanity has only about 90 of her works. After Claudel became useless, Rodin lost interest in her and never visited a psychiatric clinic. Art critics consider Claudel one of the strongest among the sculptors of his time; the wide audience knows only Rodin, mainly due to his stolen “Kiss”.
Lee Krasner and Jackson Pollock: learn, teach and move on
For Jackson Pollock, acquaintance with artist Lee Krasner was a real find. Most of all he was pleased with the immense support of Krasner. It is not only the words of encouragement: Lee, more famous at that time, had many familiar critics and gallery owners. She purposefully introduced her lover into their circle, and this greatly helped him unwind. In addition, Pollock was much less likely to be distracted by binges, his productivity increased and it became easier for people to communicate with him.
It cannot be said that Pollock used Krasner as shamelessly as Rodin – Claudel. Lee, for example, immediately stated that he would have to do some of the homework. However, it was a rather insignificant part: Jackson was mainly engaged in baking bread and muffin and very little participated in other aspects of life. But, Krasner said, it is very cool to be silent with him, sitting on the porch in the evening.
It is impossible to understand where Pollock’s artistic influence on Krasner ends and Krasner begins on Pollock; their constant close communication, no doubt, allowed their talents to reveal themselves. But Krasner constantly spent strength on the promotion of her husband, so carried away that she very quickly found herself in his shadow. Pollock suited it. He tried to completely distract her from painting and offered to have a child. Krasner responded in the spirit that she and John had enough trouble, where she really had to take care of one more silly person.
In the end, Pollock died in a car accident, in the same car with a young mistress. And the circumstances of death, and death itself hit hard by Krasner. But just becoming lonely, she finally came out of the shadows and instantly gained fame among connoisseurs of modern painting. She became known for the “hieroglyphic” style of painting, which, as she herself admitted, was inspired by children’s impressions from the roots of books with Hebrew inscriptions.